CAMBRIDGE HEALTHTECH INSTITUTE’S SECOND ANNUAL
QUANTITATIVE DIGITAL DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES
DIGITAL DETECTION WITH PCR, MICROFLUIDICS, AND SINGLE CELL TECHNOLOGIES
PART OF THE PRECISION DIAGNOSTICS SUMMIT
JUNE 17-18, 2014 | HILTON BACK BAY | BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
Advances in microfluidics and nanofabrication have led to the manufacture of technologies capable of utilizing hundreds to millions of small-scale partitions. Digital enumeration, whether it is done through digital PCR, microfluidics, or next-generation sequencing, is finding growing utility in both basic research and clinical applications. By allowing for detection of nucleic acids at higher resolution and lower target levels, digital detection technologies have the ability to identify diseases earlier in progression, providing an advantage for diagnostics and preventative medicine. Cambridge Healthtech Institute’s Second Annual Quantitative Digital Detection Technologies conference will cover digital PCR, microfluidics, and single-cell analysis and how these technologies are best used in clinical research. The evolution of qPCR to a more digital format as well as the role that next-generation sequencing will play will also be discussed. Special focus will be given to clinical translation and future trends driving the field.
TUESDAY, JUNE 17
12:00 pm Conference Registration
1:00 Chairperson’s Remarks
1:05 PLENARY KEYNOTE: Sample Preparation Considerations for Digital Technologies
N. Reginald Beer, Ph.D., Medical Diagnostics Initiative Leader, Center for Micro and Nanotechnologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Digital PCR provides extremely accurate quantification as compared to traditional standard curve methods but pre-detection processing remains pivotal. Critical factors such as sample preparation, sample homogeneity, reaction volume measurements, thermal cycler uniformity, template GC content and methylation can all effect data quality. In this talk we will discuss the benefits of digital technologies as well as steps to ensure accurate measurement. Attention will be given to future trends driving the field and moving out of the lab and onto the bench.
2:05 Session Break
2:35 KEYNOTE PRESENTATION: Single Molecule Detection for Ultrasensitive Analysis
David R. Walt, Ph.D., Robinson Professor of Chemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor, Tufts University
Counting single molecules is the ultimate method for making measurements. Biological molecules are of particular interest because these molecules exist at levels of 1-1000 molecules per cell, beyond the sensitivity of most analytical methods. Methods for counting individual molecules are being developed that enable the enumeration of individual molecules. Some of these methods are simple to implement and will facilitate new discoveries as well as revolutionize clinical diagnostics.
3:05 Sponsored Presentations (Opportunities Available)
3:35 Refreshment Break with Exhibit and Poster Viewing
4:15 Absolute Quantification by Droplet Digital PCR versus Analog Real-Time PCR
Muneesh Tewari, M.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor, University of Michigan (tentative)
Nanoliter-sized droplet technology paired with digital PCR (ddPCR) holds promise for highly precise, absolute nucleic acid quantification. Our comparison of microRNA quantification by ddPCR and real-time PCR revealed greater precision (coefficients of variation decreased 37–86%) and improved day-to-day reproducibility (by a factor of seven) of ddPCR but with comparable sensitivity. When we applied ddPCR to serum microRNA biomarker analysis, this translated to superior diagnostic performance for identifying individuals with cancer.
4:45 Digital PCR in Cancer Molecular Pathology
, Ph.D., Laboratory Head, Translational Genomics and Epigenomics, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
Digital PCR is a breakthrough technology whose power has been released by commercially available new instrumentation. It is particularly applicable in the clinical milieu where samples are often limited in quantity and quality and where low copy number targets require quantification. As well as giving an overview of this field, several innovative applications enabling low-cost fast turnaround time diagnostics will be presented.
5:15 Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
6:15 Dinner Short Course Registration
6:30-8:30 Dinner Short Course: Experiment Design for Digital Technologies *
The course will introduce digital PCR and microfluidics and explain how it compares to other molecular methodologies, citing both advantages and disadvantages. Specific challenges associated with performing these techniques will be addressed. Attendees will be provided with a roadmap to plan, perform, and analyze digital PCR and microfluidic experiments showcasing how new, digitized formats can help your research to overcome the limitations of real-time PCR and NGS.
Topics to include:
- Experimental design, selecting reference genes
- Principles of absolute quantification
- Measurement issues with digital outputs
* Separate Registration Required
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 18
7:30 am Registration and Morning Coffee
8:00 Chairperson’s Remarks
8:05 A Flexible Platform for On-Chip Droplet Digital PCR
Rémi Dangla, Ph.D., Co-Founder & CEO, STILLA Technologies
Stilla Technologies introduces a novel digital PCR solution, which combines droplet- and array-based approaches. Thanks to a breakthrough microfluidic technology, samples are partitioned into droplets and subsequently assembled into an array or droplet crystal, all within a single chip and without the need for complex microfluidic actuators. The chip can then be thermocyled, and the results read with a fluorescence microscope or scanner. The instruments are compatible with a range of chips, bringing flexibility to the field of digital PCR.
8:35 SD Chip for Digital Biological Measurements
Daniel T. Chiu, Ph.D., A. Bruce Montgomery Professor, Chemistry; Endowed Professor, Analytical Chemistry; Professor, Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle
This presentation describes a very simple and robust microfluidic device for digitizing samples into a large array of discrete volumes; we called this the SD (Self Digitization) Chip. As a demonstration of the utility of SD Chip, we describe digital nucleic acid amplification, including digital PCR and digital isothermal amplification.
9:05 Precise Quantitation of Nucleic Acids with the RainDrop™ Digital PCR System
Darren Link, Co-Founder and CTO, Raindance Technologies, Inc.
9:35 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)
9:50 Coffee Break with Exhibit and Poster Viewing
10:30 All-Optical Electrophysiology for High-Throughput Single-Cell Analysis
Adam Cohen, Ph.D., Professor, Departments of Chemistry and Chemical Biology; Physics Investigator, HHMI
The electrical firing patterns of neurons are the primary functional readout of their physiological state, in health and disease. But these firing patterns have been notoriously difficult to study: manual patch-clamp measurements are too slow to be used in screening, and multielectrode arrays only provide low-resolution aggregate information. We developed a system for all-optical electrophysiology, in which light pulses stimulate and record electrical activity in neurons. This system provides functional data in wild-type and disease model neurons with a throughput and information content unmatched by any other technology.
11:00 Live Single-Cell Functional Phenotyping in Droplet Nanoliter Reactors
Tali (Tania) Konry, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Pharmaceutical Science, Northeastern University
Here we describe a nano-liter droplet microfluidic-based approach for stimulation and monitoring of surface and secreted markers of live single immune dendritic cells (DCs) as well as monitoring the live T cell/DC interaction. This nano-liter in vivo simulating microenvironment allows delivering various stimuli reagents to each cell and appropriate gas exchanges which are necessary to ensure functionality and viability of encapsulated cells. Thus live cell stimulation, secretion and surface monitoring can be obtained simultaneously in distinct microenvironment, which previously was possible using complicated and multi-step in vitro and in vivo live-cell microscopy, together with immunological studies of the outcome secretion of cellular function.
11:30 Quantitative Single Cell and Single Molecule Proteomics for Clinical Studies
Keith Willison, Ph.D., Chair, Chemical Biology; Professor, Chemistry, Imperial College London
We have developed a label free, microfluidic antibody capture chip platform called the MAC chip to quantify precisely the copy numbers of several proteins from a single cell in a multiplexed single assay format. We are extending the capability of the MAC chip devices in order to count proteins in circulating tumour cells (CTCs) isolated from biopsies of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. We hope to discover biomolecular signatures which correlate with intrinsic biological properties of tumour cells and clinical outcomes during treatment.
12:00 pm Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own
1:00 Chairperson’s Remarks
1:05 HER-2 Testing by Digital PCR: Challenges and Opportunities
Bruno Ping, Laboratory Manager, Royal Surrey County Hospital
With increased financial pressures on molecular diagnostic laboratories to perform more testing in a cost effective manner, the advent of digital PCR is potentially the perfect opportunity to introduce cost savings in the lab without compromising patient quality. In our research, we looked at HER-2 testing as a proof of principle model, in a cohort of Her-2 amplified and non-amplified cases and then extrapolated potential lab savings based on an alternative testing algorithm.
1:35 Quantification of Plasma miRNAs Using Digital PCR for Lung Cancer Diagnosis
Feng Jiang, M.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine
To evaluate the utility of digital PCR for analysis of miRNAs in lung cancer diagnosis, we first determined dynamic ranges and sensitivities of digital PCR for measuring plasma miRNAs. We then used digital PCR to quantify plasma miR-21-5p and miR-335-3p in lung cancer patients and controls. Our data suggest that digital PCR is a robust tool for quantitative assessment of plasma miRNAs in lung cancer diagnosis.
2:05 Analysis of Germline and Somatic Genome Variation Using Integrated NGS and PCR-Based Technology
Alexander Eckehart Urban, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Genetics (secondary), Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine
This presentation will report on our work investigating genome variants that affect brain development and function. We study germline variants as well as somatic variants using both tissue culture models and primary tissue samples. For these purposes we use combinations of next-generation sequencing based approaches, targeted-capture and whole-genome, respectively, as well as PCR based methods such as standard PCR, qPCR and digital droplet PCR.
2:35 Universal Digital High Resolution Melt for Rapid Bacterial Identification in Polymicrobial Infections
Stephanie Fraley, Ph.D., Burroughs Wellcome Fund Fellow, Emergency Medicine and Infectious Disease, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
A key challenge in clinical diagnostics and biomarker research involves the ability to quantitatively and accurately profile heterogeneous biological samples for detection of numerous and even unexpected genotypes. We have developed Universal Digital High Resolution Melt (U-dHRM), a molecular diagnostic approach that overcomes critical limitations to accomplish rapid, high-content, broad-based detection of individual genotypes within heterogeneous samples. We apply this identify bacterial pathogens in polymicrobial infections.
3:05 Close of Quantitative Digital Detection Conference
Registration for Post-Conference Short Course
3:30-6:30 Post Conference Short Course: IT in Laboratory Medicine *
The workshop is designed to discuss applications of digital technology to preanalytical, analytical and organizational processes taking place in a clinical laboratory. The topics to be covered include but are not limited to:
- IT technologies used in IVD instruments and assays
- Software to serve laboratory workflow
- Bioinformatics for big data management and next generation sequencing IT tools
Instructors: Matthew Lebo, Ph.D., Instructor in Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Additional Instructors to be Announced
* Separate Registration Required